Qualitative effects of introducing nonlinear birth and death rates for the predator in a predator-prey type model

Tihomir B. Ivanov, Neli S. Dimitrova


In this paper, we study how introducing nonlinear birth and death rates for the predator might affect the qualitative behavior of a mathematical model, describing predator-prey systems. We base our investigations on a known model, exhibiting anti-predator behavior. We propose a generalization of the latter by introducing generic birth and death rates for the predator and study the dynamics of the resulting system. We establish existence and uniqueness of positive model solutions, their uniform boundedness, existence, local stability and bifurcations of equilibrium points as well as global stability properties of the solutions. Most of the solution properties are demonstrated numerically and graphically by various numerical examples. Based on the obtained results, we show that the model with nonlinear birth and death rates can describe a much more complex behavior of the predator-prey system than the classical model (i.e., with linear rates) does.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11145/j.biomath.2017.03.167


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