Impulsive Modelling for Tree-grass Interactions in Fire-prone Savanna

Valaire Djeumen Yatat*, Pierre Couteron, Jean Jules Tewa, Samuel Bowong, Yves Dumont

Abstract


The study of tree-grass interactions in savanna (fires prone or not) remains an important issue for research. In African savanna, it is well known that fire is a major disturbance that shapes tree-grass ratio along a rainfall gradient. Several mathematical models have been developed that addressed fire prone savanna dynamics. Such models rely mostly on continuous-time modelling of tree-grass competition. In these frameworks, fire is a time-continuous forcing (see [1] and references therein) while therelationship between woody plant size and fire-sensitivity is notsystematically considered. In this work, in order to takes intoaccount both the discrete nature of fire occurrence andsize-dependent fire sensitivity, we propose a new mathematical modelfor tree-grass interaction featuring impulsive differentialequations [2]. The impulsive modelling is able to yield a morerealistic array of solutions and therefore, able to account for many dynamical scenarios observed in savanna-like ecosystems.Extension of the temporal model to a spatio-temporal model, using local and nonlocal operators, will be also considered. ...

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11145/495

ISSN 2367-5233 (print)
ISSN 2367-5241 (online)